Large and populous valley of the northern Lombardy, in the province of Sondrio. It develops in the Rhaetian Alps and derives its name (Tellina Vallis) from that of Teglio, which was long the main center. Crossed throughout its length by the Adda river, which in Valtellina winds for about 115 km, until it flows into Como lake, Valtellina is the most extensive longitudinal valley of the entire Alpine system and corresponds to a great rift that divides the middle section, axial, in the Alps, from the device, insubrica. To the north a series of impressive massifs, including the Bernina, separate it from the Engadine (Switzerland), and to the south the Alps Orobie from the Po Valley. The morphology is characterized by steep slopes, descending on a relatively wide valley, testimony to the powerful action of modeling carried out by glaciers in past ages; numerous valleys there are grafted (Val Malenco Val Masino etc.). Valtellina is joined with Switzerland through the Bernina Pass and the Trentino Alto Adige through the Stelvio pass. Because of its strategic geographical position was contested between Italy (the Duchy of Milan) and Switzerland (Grisons); Valtellina was attached to the Grisons from 1512 to 1797. In the main basins, where the valley expands, cities and towns have arisen also of some importance, starting from Sondrio, the provincial capital, at the confluence with the Val Malenco. Feature of the valley in its lower section, longitudinal, is the diversity of the slopes: populous, cultivated with vineyards and villages to the north; facing south, forested and devoid of settlements the opposite. In the upper reaches of the valley is a popular holiday resort and winter sports in Bormio, the accommodation centers of Sondalo and Grosio, those predominantly industrial and commercial Tirano (from which branches off a brief but spectacular railroad through the Bernina Pass port in Sankt Moritz) Morbegno and Teglio, where is located an interesting ethnographic museum of Valtellina. The region’s economy is tied to tourism, well-established (other popular Alpine resorts are Aprica and Chiesa in Valmalenco, one of the first Italian ski resorts), agriculture has primarily focused on producing high quality wines and fruit, and a ‘widespread industry (mainly hydro, food and textiles).
Product and flavor
Living Valtellina means taste his tradictional product, first of all the wines DOCG obtained from nebbiolo grapes Sforzato, Valtellina Superiore, Sassella, Grumello, Inferno, Valgella and Maroggia. Combine the wine with other speciality Bitto DOP and Valtellina Casera DOP, cheese from mountain pasture, the Bresaola of Valtellina and the Apple IGP, the Pizzocheri made with ground buckwheat seed and the honey. The manufacturing of the ollare stone protected by the Marchio Collettivo Geografico or the original pezzotti carpet.